Costa Rica’s challenge: maintaining security with no army
The 1948 abolition of the army has ensured that Costa Rica, unique among the countries of Central America, has never been plagued by the bane of civilian or military dictatorships.
Yet Costa Rica is far from immune to the security challenges that plague South and Central America. The country has become a major hub for transnational crime and drug cartels, moving away from merely being a transit point to becoming a storage and collection point-
It should also be noted that while Costa Rica faces no serious threat of external aggression, it does have a border dispute with its northern neighbour – Nicaragua.
Source: Eurasia Review