Rising food prices could stimulate growth in agro production in the region, especially of staple crops, such as sugar, corn and rice.
Most parts of Central America have conditions of soil, climate and water, which are highly favorable for agriculture.
Short distances mean that producers face low costs of shipping to the United States market. In addition, rural land tends to be cheap in most parts of Central America.
The small size of most countries limits the extent to which the region can grow commodity crops.
On the other hand, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua all have relatively extensive areas of land, with low levels of population and output, in which there is room for agricultural expansion.